How Electrical Brain Stimulation Works for Pain Relief
Fibromyalgia is as mysterious as it is painful. Experts and patients alike have struggled with the unknowns behind the disorder, and treatment options are limited. Luckily, the mystery that frustrates so many has also led to some ground-breaking research in fibromyalgia: a recent study shows that the pain and discomfort likely originate in the brain,and these symptoms could be corrected with a new electronic approach called electrical brain stimulation.
The Link Between Fibromyalgia and Brain Activity
The results of a recent French study have confirmed the suspicion that fibromyalgia symptoms can be traced to problems in the brain. More importantly, the research has uncovered a new, non-invasive technique that could help fibromyalgia patients live much more comfortably.
The technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation uses a cap fitted with electrodes to send targeted electrical charges to specific spots in the brain, which stimulate brain metabolism. That metabolic boost can correct abnormalities in the pain and emotion centers of the brain, and in turn, decrease painful symptoms.
These findings are important, not only because fibromyalgia is so difficult to treat, but because it’s often been thought of as a mental, rather than physical, disorder. Now that there is proof of a physical source, greater attention can be directed to more advanced, targeted physical treatment.
Possible Benefits of Electrical Brain Stimulation
Pain relief is the obvious goal, but there are more specific rewards that electrical brain stimulation could bring to fibromyalgia patients, like:
- Decrease in fatigue
- Less depression
- Better emotional states
- Increase in sociability
- Better work performance
- Fewer episodes of anger and anxiety
Although their pain wasn’t necessarily eradicated, many patients experienced a big improvement in their quality of life and social interactions. Those positive mood changes were reflected in the images of the brain (PET scans) that were taken after the course of treatment — certain areas of the brain were visibly changed with electronic stimulation.